Exploring Synonyms and Sub-Disciplines of Cybersecurity: Insights from Path Forward IT

3 minutes read Cybersecurity

The ever-evolving world of technology is rife with terminologies, each carrying subtle nuances that distinguish it from others in the same arena. One such domain where terminology is abundant is cybersecurity. Some people might use alternative phrases like “information security,” “IT security,” or “Internet security” to describe what is generally encompassed by the term cybersecurity. So, what exactly is the difference, and does the specific terminology you use matter? The experts at Path Forward IT are here to guide you through this terminological maze.


Cybersecurity: The Umbrella Term

Broadly speaking, cybersecurity refers to the practice of safeguarding information systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access, damage, or theft. It is an overarching term that covers various techniques, technologies, and protocols designed to protect the digital assets of an organization or individual.


Information Security

Information Security, or InfoSec, is often used interchangeably with cybersecurity, but the two are not identical. InfoSec is a broader category that includes policies and procedures aimed at managing and securing any data, digital or not. Cybersecurity can be considered a subset of information security that focuses exclusively on protecting digital data.


IT Security

IT Security pertains to the strategies and mechanisms designed to secure an organization’s Information Technology (IT) assets, both hardware and software. While cybersecurity is a component of IT security, the latter also deals with protecting physical assets like servers and workstations.


Internet Security

This term is generally more applicable to consumer-level protections against online threats such as malware, phishing, and identity theft. In an organizational context, Internet security is a part of cybersecurity measures but is not wholly synonymous with it.


Network Security

Network security concentrates on measures to protect the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of data as it is transferred across or accessed from different networks. This discipline is highly specialized and focuses on preventing unauthorized intrusion over the network.


Endpoint Security

This facet of cybersecurity focuses on ensuring that all endpoints—devices like smartphones, tablets, laptops, and desktop computers—connecting to a network are secure. This sub-discipline is crucial in an era where Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) policies are becoming widespread.


Cloud Security

With the transition to cloud-based infrastructures, cloud security has become an integral sub-discipline of cybersecurity. It emphasizes the policies and technologies designed to protect data stored in cloud resources and the cloud systems themselves.


Importance of Terminology

While these terms are closely related and often used interchangeably, they refer to specific aspects of the broader objective of protecting digital assets. Using the correct terminology can:


Clarify Objectives: Knowing the difference helps in setting more precise goals for your security measures.


Specialized Services: Different aspects require specialized skills. Knowing what you need can help you pick the right service provider, like Path Forward IT, which offers specialized solutions in all these domains.


Compliance and Standards: Certain industries have guidelines specific to different aspects of cybersecurity. Using the correct terminology can be critical in legal contexts.


How Path Forward IT Can Help

Path Forward IT recognizes that cybersecurity is a multifaceted field, requiring a comprehensive approach that encompasses all its sub-disciplines. Our team of experts is trained in various aspects of cybersecurity, be it network security, endpoint security, or cloud security, to offer a holistic solution to your organization’s unique needs.


Customized Solutions: Path Forward IT evaluates your business needs and customizes a cybersecurity strategy that aligns with your goals.


Expertise across Sub-Disciplines: We offer specialized services in each of the cybersecurity sub-disciplines, ensuring a robust security posture from all angles.


Ongoing Support and Education: We provide not only the tools but also the training your team needs to maintain a secure environment.



Understanding the terminologies and sub-disciplines of cybersecurity is the first step in establishing a strong defense against digital threats. The terminology you use helps in outlining the scope and nature of the security measures you wish to implement, thereby influencing the approach and technologies required. Partner with Path Forward IT to navigate this complex landscape effectively and secure your organization’s future in the digital world.